I S O G E M  
 International Society of Gender Medicine  

Press release: Gender in coronary artery disease GENCAD

Short note:  

The EU funded GENCAD project analysed major differences between women and men in the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). These differences are still largely unknown in Europe. Lack of consideration impairs treatment of women and men and puts life in danger. To close the gap in awareness and knowledge, the GENCAD project developed factsheets for health care professionals and the general public. They are based on approx. 1000 references, and truly reflect the international knowledge on gender specific needs in CAD .

 Project Summary: Gender in coronary artery disease GENCAD

 The GENCAD project aims to improve the understanding and awareness of sex and gender differences in chronic diseases, using coronary artery disease (CAD) as an example. For this purpose,GENCAD conducted a state-of-the-art study on existing knowledge in gender differences in cardiovascular disease, a study on the awareness of health care professionals and the general population and used this knowledge to develop factsheets to improve knowledge and awareness on sex and gender aspects in CAD.

 Our study reviewed the published literature on gender differences in CAD in the last 15 years from all over the world. It searched publications in the areas of prevention and health promotion, epidemiology, disease mechanisms, clinical symptoms and diagnosis, management, as well as outcomes. More than 1000 articles were retrieved. Significant gender differences that need consideration were found in all fields. For example, diabetes and smoking have a greater weight as risk factors in women than in men. New gender-specific risk factors are emerging: mental health, socioeconomic status, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, and disturbances of sex hormones and of sexual function. CAD and ischemic heart disease diagnosis and syndromes differ in women and men, as well as treatment response and outcomes.

 Based on the sex and gender differences identified in the bibliographic study, factsheets were developed for both health care professionals and the general public, integrating feedback from consortium partners and GENCAD extended networks. They have been validated with groups of experts for general agreement and have finally been approved by DG Health and Food Safety.

 Communicating facts and factsheets at two conferences, in the internet, via the webpages of a net of stakeholders, like you, interested in gender medicine and in the social media will help closing the gaps between gender knowledge and translation to the medical practitioners, policy makers and the general public in an exemplary field. We would greatly appreciate having your support for this activity.

 The consortium GENCAD lead by the Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Institute for Gender in Medicine)


 Service contract SANCO/2013/C1/008  – 17.031800/14/698167

The European union represented by the European Commission, DG Health and Food Safety, Directorate C, Unit C1, Program and knowledge management  

GENCAD Facts-sheets  for General Public and Healthcare Professionals

References Healthcare Professionals


General Public Fact-sheets

Healthcare Professionals Fact-sheets

BG General Public Factsheet

BG Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

CZ General Public Factsheet

CZ Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

DE General Public Factsheet

DE Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

DK General Public Factsheet

DK Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

EE General Public Factsheet

EE Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

EL General Public Factsheet

EL Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

EN General Public Factsheet

EN Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

ES General Public Factsheet

ES Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

FI General Public Factsheet

FI Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

FR General Public Factsheet

FR Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

HR General Public Factsheet

HR Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

HU General Public Factsheet

HU Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

IT General Public Factsheet

IT Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

LT General Public Factsheet

LT Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

LV General Public Factsheet

LV Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

MT General Public Factsheet

MT Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

NL General Public Factsheet

NL Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

PL General Public Factsheet

PL Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

PT General Public Factsheet

PT Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

RO General Public Factsheet

RO Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

SE General Public Factsheet

SE Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

SK General Public Factsheet

SK Healthcare Professionals Factsheet

SL General Public Factsheet

SL Healthcare Professionals Factsheet